Recording commerce was as important in ancient times as it is today. The Egyptians used hieroglyphic characters to record numbers. Hieroglyphic numbers were recorded in multiples of 10 – a base 10 system. We still use a base 10 numbering system today.
Modern arabic numbers and hieroglyphic numbers are both grouped in multiples of 10. Hieroglyphic numbers were written by with characters that represented units of 10 … 10, 100, 1,000, etc. Just like in modern times, the Egyptians had ways to write non-specific quantities like several and many. Egyptian fractions were based on the same system as hieroglyphic numbers. Books as reference for further learning.